Tribune News Service
New Delhi, July 16
The connectivity conference in Tashkent attended by almost all foreign ministers from Central and South Asia saw sparks fly between Pakistan and Afghanistan before both sides cooled the tensions with a meeting between their leaders Imran Khan and Ashraf Ghani.
Khan and Jaishankar also crossed swords, though indirectly.
In an indirect reference to the Pakistan Army’s obdurate stance on trade and connectivity with India, Jaishankar said the real issue is of mindsets not of disputes.
Khan in his speech cited Kashmir issue as a major hindrance in connectivity projects.
With the Pak PM on stage, Afghan President
Imran, in turn, pointed out that the Taliban was not ready for a deal when there were 1.5 lakh NATO troops in Afghanistan.
“Why would they compromise now? Why would they listen to us when they are feeling victory?” he posed while stating that over 70,000 Pakistanis have also been victims of terrorism.
Although the Tashkent meet was primarily meant for foreign ministers, top leaders of both Pakistan and Afghanistan had landed there since the gathering was expected to carry on the discussions they had held over the previous two days in Dushanbe.
The immediate casualty of the clash between Khan and Ghani was the proposed weekend peace conference in Pakistan that was to be attended by elements close to the Kabul regime.
The Taliban had recused itself as it had held discussions several times with the Pakistanis.
Better sense prevailed after the ministers had delivered their speeches. Khan and Ghani held a meeting at which the DG Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) Lt. Gen. Faiz Hameed was also present.
Speaking at the meeting, Jaishankar wanted the Chabahar port to be included in the North-South Corridor which was the main topic of discussions. He also said for reliable connectivity within and through Afghanistan, world must have confidence in its governance.
Describing connectivity efforts as an act of trust, he felt they must conform to international law, respect nations’ sovereignty and be based on economic viability.
The inclusion of Chabahar port in the INSTC (International North–South Transport Corridor) framework would ensure a secure and unhindered access to sea for Central Asian countries, he said while welcoming the India-Iran-Afghanistan-Uzbekistan Working Group on joint use of Chabahar port.